Express Entry

Express Entry is a selection system for Canadian immigration, designed to select qualified workers for immigration to Canada.

Express Entry is a completely electronic process involving the federal government, provincial governments and Canadian employers.

What is Express Entry?

In January 2015, the Canadian government launched a new electronic immigration system that offers express entry to Canada for qualified and skilled immigrants.

The new Express Entry program will manage permanent residence applications for immigrants who can work where there is a shortage of qualified Canadian workers available.

The Canadian government has recognized that Canada needs new immigrants to meet future labour market needs and help ensure the country’s long-term economic growth and prosperity.

The new system will allow Canadian Citizenship and Immigration (CIC) to proactively assess, recruit and select immigrants who are qualified and/or have appropriate qualifications under federal economic immigration programmes:

  • Federal Skilled Workers Programme (FSWP)
  • FSTP (Federal Skilled Trades Program)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Express Entry Program will also allow individual Provinces and areas to use the system to recruit suitable candidates under the Provincial Appointments Programs to meet the requirements of the labour market.

Employers will play a key role in the selection of economic immigrants and will be able to access suitable candidates through the Canadian Labor Bank, which has recently been improved, as well as in the provinces and territories concerned.

Eligible applicants must submit an express application profile to the pool. The Express Entry Profile is an expression of interest (EOI). Eligible candidates will automatically receive a score based on their profile and will be ranked against the other candidates in the pool.

The ranking score for Express Entry is based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) and is 1,200 points. Candidates can improve their position in the ranking by taking action to improve the CRS score. The higher the CRS score of an applicant, the more likely it is to receive a call for proposals (ITA).

If you are interested in an express entry, the collection of these three documents should be the first step:

  1. language test: All candidates for the Express Admission must demonstrate proficiency in English or French. The official results of the approved language test are required to submit a profile. The minimum score required varies according to the three programmes supporting express entry.
    If you want to prove your proficiency in English, you can take the IELTS General Training exam or the CELPIP General exam. If you want to prove your proficiency in French, you can take the TEF or TCF exam.
  2. Educational Credentials Assessment (ECA): The ECA is an assessment of non-Canadian education by Canadian standards. In particular, education is only a mandatory requirement for the Federal Skilled Worker Class, but it is recommended that FSTC and CEC candidates also complete an ECA report, as education is an important component of CRS assessment.
  3. A valid passport is required to submit an express entry profile. In very rare cases where it is not possible to obtain a passport, alternative identification documents may be accepted.

How many points do you need to emigrate to Canada via Express Entry. This question is best answered in two parts: before entering the Express Entry pool and once in the pool.
1) Before entering the Express Entry Pool. There are three Canadian immigration programs that allow you to become a candidate for express immigration to Canada: Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

The FSTC is designed for qualified traders with recent experience in one of these professions and the CEC for those with recent experience in Canada. Neither the FSTC nor the CEC requires applicants to meet the scoring requirements to present their profile.
The FSWC, on the other hand, is open to people from all over the world who meet the minimum score requirement to qualify. It is a completely separate points system from the CRS points system. Within the FSWC point system, in order to enter the Express entry pool, you need to obtain at least 67 points out of 100.

  1. In the Express Entry Pool, candidates, regardless of which programme they are eligible for, receive a CRS score. This score determines where the candidate will be placed in the Express Entry pool. This score is the main factor determining which candidates will be invited to apply for permanent residence. The CRS threshold for FSWC and CEC candidates was previously as low as 410 points, with the threshold for FSTC candidates being even lower from time to time
    However, that the threshold for CRS is not predetermined and may change for different draws for entry to Express Entry Canada. Ultimately, there is no strict or written number of points that you have to earn in order to emigrate to Canada via Express Entry, but previous draws indicate which candidates have the best chance of being invited, based on CRS scores.

Express Entry is a system designed to ensure rapid immigration to Canada. For eligible candidates who receive a invitation for application (ITA) shortly after entering the pool and then quickly submit a complete application, the whole process can take six months or even less. However, the following variables may extend this period and should be taken into account:

  • While some candidates are invited shortly after entering the Express Entry pool, other candidates, depending on their CRS score and CRS cut-off thresholds in Express Entry draws, may only receive an ITA a few months later or not at all.
  • Some invited candidates may be ready to apply for immigration to Canada shortly after the invitation, while others may need more of their 60-day assignment.
  • While the IRCC attempts to process applications within six months, some applications may take longer, and decisions on other applications may take less than six months.